Agroforestry Division:

This division was created in August 1992 and has assumed critical importance in the semi-arid tropics where high mean annual temperature and low variable rainfall are serious constraints in crop production. It is engaged in designing agro forestry models for improving land use in various agro-climate regions based on different tree-crop production systems, their spatial geometry, production of goods and services and their ecological impact. The division also carries out regular market survey of  timber and non-timber  forest  products and socio-economic studies. The research priority of the division is to develop site specific  agro forestry systems which  is socio-economically  viable and acceptable by the farmers  residing nearby. So  far various agroforestry systems like Silvi-agri system, silvi-horti-agri system, Silvi-medicinal system, Silvi-pastoral system, agri-lac systems were developed by the division.

Ongoing Projects:

Project 1  :   Development of multitier cropping (Silvi-Agri-Spice) system

Project 2  :    Development of lac based agroforestry (Silvi-Agri-Lac system)

Major Achievements:

Significant achievements:

PROJECT  1: Evaluation  of  medicinal plant based agroforestry  system (Silvi-medicinal) under existing teak plantations.  (ICFRE funded project)

Achievements :

  1. Successfully  established and grown medicinal plants (except Gloriosa ) under Silvi-medicinal system at On Station Research (OSR) and On Farm Research(OFR).
  1. Under the Silvi-medicinal system, C. longa performed significantly better followed by C. speciosus  and G.superba in terms of tuberous yield and qualitatively (its active ingredient).
  1. Hence data indicates that Curcuma and Costus can be grown successfully under the 12 year old teak plantations  as these crops are shade loving in nature.


         PROJECT 2 : Evaluation of productivity of maize in Dalbergia sissoo (Shisham) and Zea mays (Maize) Agro forestry system.

        (ICFRE funded project)

Achievements :

  1. Established Sissoo-zea mays system as an OSR trial at TFRI campus- by doing cultural operation like ploughing, weeding and manuring of the experimental plot of two year old Dalbergia sissoo plantation which were established in 21 plots ( size 10m x 10m) at 3 different spacings of 4m x 4m, 5m x 5m and 6m x 6m  and  3 plots were kept as blank outside the plantation area.
  1. Data on growth and yield of both agriculture as well as tree crops were recorded and data indicates that maximum yield was found in the spacing of 5m x 5m for the agri-silviculture system.

PROJECT 3 : Sustainable Development of  new Bamboo Agroforestry techniques for increased income generation in the Central Indian States. (NBM funded project)

Achievements :

  1.  Two bamboo species like Bambusa nutans  and  Dendrocalamus strictus were  selected for bamboo based  Agri-silviculture system. So far two agriculture crops viz. wheat in Rabi season and Urad in Kharif season were intercropped  with these bamboo species.
  2. Motivated farmers of  Gwalior and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh  and Raipur  and Devpur of  Chhattisgarh  through training and distribution  of seedlings towards adoption of bamboos in their field.
  1. Successfully established bamboo-wheat and bamboo-urad Agri-silviculture system as an OSR.


Plate 1. Row of Cajanus cajan intercropped  with the aonla plants during initial stage of the project.

Picture 009

Plate 2: Turmeric grown under the shade of Tectona grandis plantations at TFRI, Jabalpur(M.P.)

Plate 3. Dalbergia sissoo –zea mays  silvi-agri system at  TFRI, Jabalpur(M.P.)

Plate4: Flemingia macrophylla-a lac host   established to develop  Silvi-agri-lac system at TFRI, Jabalpur(M.P.)


Plate 5: Motivation of the farmers  towards adoption of Bamboo in their field during PRA training programme  organised from 25th-26th  May’09  at Gwalior (Madhya pradesh)



Plate 6 :  Bamboo – wheat silvi-agri  System  established as an   OSR at  the Experimental plot  of  Agroforestry Division  , TFRI, Jabalpur(M.P.)

For further details, please contact:

Dr. Rajiv Rai, Scientist F

Head, Agroforestry Division

Phone: +91-761-2744139 (O)


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