Wood Forest Produce Division:
Non Wood Forest Produce Division is the core division of TFRI, Jabalpur. The mandate of the division is to carryout researches on various aspects of Non-Wood Forest Products viz. conservation, cultivation, sustainable harvesting and value addition of NWFPs including medicinal and aromatic plants, biologically active phyto-chemicals, gums, mucilage, dyes, fibre yielding species, tree borne oilseeds of forest origin and biofuel.
(1) National Network on Integrated Development of Jatropha & Karanj
ID No. 073/TFRI-2004/NWFP-3 (NOVOD)(11), Project period: 2004 to 2013
The project on research and development of Jatropha and Karanja under National Network Programme of NOVOD Board has been undertaken in August 2004. This study is a part of a research programme on selection of superior gemplasm of Jatropha and Karanja for future energy plantation for biodiesel production.
175 CPTs of Jatropha were selected /collected from Jabalpur, Chhindwara, Seoni, Balaghat, Dindori, Mandla, Betul, Katni, Shahdol, Satna, Rewa, Panna, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Sagar, Damoh and Sheopur-Kala district of Madhya Pradesh. Multilocational trials in the form of national and zonal trials comprising of 36 accessions in national trials and of 14 accessions in zonal trial of Jatropha were established at Institute campus, Jabalpur. Data on growth performance, fruit yield and seed characters were recorded at regular intervals and oil estimation of the samples was also done. TNMC 22, TFRI I, TFRI 2, IGAU 2, PDKV -1, PDKV-2, TNMC7 PalmpurI, Palmpur-II, CSFER, RJ-92, TR-4, JCP-2, NRCJ-17 and TNJC-19 accessions performed better than other on the basis of growth and seed characters. In zonal trial TFRI-1, TFRI2, PDKV-1 and PDKV2 performed better among all accessions. Seed yield was observed maximum in TFRI-1 (101.25kg/hectare) followed by RRL-1 (85.52kg/ha) accessions.
81 CPTs of Karanja were selected from Jabalpur, Satna, Panna, Katni, Seoni, Chhindwara, Balaghat, Mandla, Dindori, Shivpuri, Gwalior, Muraina and Damoh districts of Madhya Pradesh. The selected CPTs were used for establishment of Progeny trial. National trial of Karanja comprising of 5 accessions, zonal trial comprising of 17 accessions were established at Institute campus. In national trial TNMP-14 and RAK-5 accessions performed better, in zonal trial IGAU-1, CCSHAU1, IGAU5, NRCAF2, JNKVV-29 and JNKVV-15 performed better.
(2) Evaluation of wild edible plants of central region for polysaccharides and other food value. ID No. 70/TFRI-2004/NWFP-2(10), Project period: 2004 to 2007
Wild edible fruits of Manhar (Randia dumatorum) and fruit bodies of edible fungi, Putpura (Asterus hygromatricus), rhizomes/tubers of Tikhur (Curcuma angustifolia), Gejikand (Curcuma pseudomontana), Kevkand (Costus speciosus), Vilaikand (Eulophia nuda) and Patal Kumhra (Pureria tuberosa) were evaluated for polysaccharides and other food value. Polysaccharide-Starch contents in species varied from 25.82-38.30%.
(3) Nutritive values and value addition of some bamboo species of central India.
ID No. 126/TFRI/2007/NWFP-4 (NBM), Project period: 2007 to 2011
The bamboo shoots from different species of bamboo (Dendocalamus strictus, D. asper, Bambusa bambos and B. tulda) were processed for estimation of various nutrients (proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fibre, tannins and total phenols) and anti-nutrients (cynogenic glycosides). Maximum edible portion (77.12% of its fresh weight) was found in D. asper shoots whereas highest anti-nutrient (cynogens 41.82 mg./100g fresh weight) was found in shoots of D. strictus. Technique for removal of antinutrient (cyanogen) has also been standardized. Bamboo products like Bamboo vinegar, Bamboo pickle, bamboo burry, bamboo nodules etc. were prepared from collected bamboo shoots.
(4) Determination of polysaccharides for the development of bio-products.
ID No. 138/TFRI/2009/NWFP-1(24), Project period: 2009 – 2012
Polysaccharides were isolated from Curcuma angustifolia, C. pseudomantana, Dioscorea bulbifera, D. hispida and Hyptis suaveolens (seeds and aerial parts). Starch polymers were prepared. Polysaccharides were modified into starch polymer and starch film by different chemical treatments and evaluated compatibility of starches with different additives for the development of adhesives. Binding ability of adhesives with different substrate was evaluated. Properties of adhesives i.e. setting time, water resistivity, solubility in water and organic solvents were performed.
(5) Processing techniques of Aegle marmelos (Bael) fruits
ID No. 143/TFRI/2010/NWFP-1(CFMFD Fed.)(25)
Project period: 2010 – 2012
Processing method of bael (Aegle marmelos) fruits was standardized. It is revealed from the findings that the physical as well as chemical quality of bael pulp are significantly affected by traditional processing methods. All processing treatments, except steaming, caused great losses of nutraceuticals i.e. carbohydrate, protein, oil, total phenols, carotenoids, ascorbic acid and riboflavin. Steam treatment had minimal effects on chemicals as well as colour. Pulp samples were dried by traditional methods (sun and shade drying) and other energy efficient methods i.e. solar drying-solar cooker, direct and indirect solar drying. Drying methods showed significant effect on quality of pulp.
(6) Establishment of multilocational trials of 100 superior accessions of Jatropha curcas
under the network programme of DBT, ID No. 162/TFRI/2010/NWFP-4(DBT)(28)
Project Period: 2010 to 2014
A multilocational trial comprising of 100 superior accessions received from network partners was established in July-August 2010 at GRC farm house Sita Pahad, Jabalpur. The trial is performing well and the survival is more than 85%. Regular observations on growth attributes like height, collar diameter, number of branches, flowering, incidence of pests and diseases has been recorded on quarterly basis and data sent to Biotech Park, Lucknow for compilation. Best performing accession are JA-128 (IC- 471346), HP-16 (IC -569356), TJS-18 (IC-561291), TJS-07 (IC-569342), TJS-07 (IC-566612), RU-1 (IC-566601), RU-101 (IC-565667), RU-18 (IC-564020), RU-5 (IC-564013) and DBT-20 (569131) on the basis of statistical data analysis.
(7) Evaluation of non edible oil seeds for development of surfactants and their utilization
in pest management [177/TFRI/2011/NWFP-2(30)], Project Period: 2011 to 2014
Seeds of Jatropha curcas, Sapindus mukrossi and Pongamia pinnata were collected and processed. Seeds biochemical were isolated and modified. Physico-chemical properties of oil i.e. specific gravity, saponification value and free fatty acids and modified products properties viz., solubility, surface tension, viscosity, wetting time, foaming power and alkalinity were assessed. Pesticidal activities of products were assessed against forest pest.
(8) Standardization of sustainable harvesting practices of Mahul Patta (Bauhinia vahlii)
179/TFRI/2011/NWFP-3 (CGMFP) (31), Project Period: 2011 to 2014
A study was initiated to standardize sustainable harvesting practices of Mahul leaves (Bauhinia vahlii). Experiments pertaining to harvesting intensities and time were also laid out in the forest areas of Keochi, Pendra Road (Marvahi); Saplawa Pahadi, Pali (Katghora) and Futka Pahad, Balco (Korba) and Achanakmarg biosphere reserve in Chhattisgarh. Mahul leaves were harvested in different months of the year to evaluate effect of harvesting time on quality of leaves. Quarterly observations were recorded. It was observed that the time of harvesting affects the quality of leaves. It was observed that in order to obtain good quality of Mahul leaves, sustainable harvesting of 50-60% of leaves should be done in 6 months interval from each plant.
(9) Chemo-profiling of some Dashmoola species (Solanum indicum, Solanum xanthocarpum and Uraria picta) in Madhya Pradesh. ID No.176/TFRI/2011/NWFP-1(29) Project period: 2011 to 2015
Under this project, three dashmool species named Solanum indicum, Solanum xanthocarpum and Uraria picta were collected from different agroclimatic regions of Madhya Pradesh and different plant parts were evaluated for their main active chemical ingredients using HPTLC technique. The chemical profiles of all plant parts of the selected species were also developed which may be used for authentification of these plant parts & to check adulterations of these plant parts. In this project, the best germplam & best pockets of above said species were also find out in terms of active ingredients in Madhya Pradesh state of India.
(10) Quality standardization of some important medicinal plants of Madhya Pradesh
No. 185/TFRI/2012/NWFP-1(MPSMFP) (33), Project period: 2012 to 2015
For important medicinal plants Ocimum sanctum, Phyllanthus amarus, Tinospora cordifolia and Gymnema sylvestre were collected from different agroclimatic regions of Madhaya Pradesh. Bioactive constituents viz. polyphenols, flavonoids, phenolic acids, eugenol, ursolic acid, phyllanthin and gymnemic acid were quantified and effect of different drying methods on quality of medicinal plants were assessed. In this project, the best germplam & best pockets of above said species were also find out in terms of active ingredients in Madhya Pradesh state of India.
11) Evaluation on phyto-polymers as eco-frindly bioadhesives
Project period: 2012 to 2015
Starch and crude protein were isolated from Shorea robusta, Jatropha curcas, Madhuca indica, Mangifera indica, Amorphophallus companulatus, Semicarpus anacardium, Momordica dioica and Pheonix acularis for the preparation of adhesives. The properties of adhesives i.e. pH, solid content, ash, viscosity and density were assessed. Adhesiveness was assessed on different substrates viz., paper-paper, glass-glass, wood-paper, and wood-wood. The quality of developed adhesive was also compared with fevicol.
12) Studies on harvesting time of some medicinal plants for their natural antioxidant constituents. ID No. 197/TFRI/2012/NWFP-4(CAMPA, MSFD) (36) Project period: 2012 to 2015
Samples of Asparagus racemosus, Argyreia speciosa and Curculigo orchioides were collected quarterly from different parts of Maharashtra. The phyto-chemicals viz., polyphenols, phenolic acids, flavonoids, Lupeol and β- sitosterol and antioxidant activity as IC50 value were evaluated in the collected samples. It was observed that anti-oxidant activity was found to be changed with time and species.
(1) Evaluation of Schleichera oleosa (Kusum) fruits for their nutritional value and development of value added products for economic development of local people. ID No. 190/TFRI/2012/NWFP-2(34), Project period: 2012 – 2016
Under this project, Kusum fruits were collected from the forest areas in the month of June & July. The pulp was separated from fruits and evaluated for nutritional value (protein, fat, carbohydrate, fiber, vitamin-C etc.). A protocol for storage of pulp was also developed. Different value added products like Kusum vati, Kusum squiash, Kusum sarbat, Kusum Murabba etc. were prepared.
(2) Standardization of processing and storage techniques of Malkangni (Celastrus panuculatis), Paheda (Terminalia belerica) & Baividang (Embelica tsjeriam-cottam) fruits/Seeds. ID No. 206/TFRI/2013/NWFP-1(37), Project period: 2013 to 2016
Under this project, fruits/seeds of selected medicinal plants were collected form Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh state. The fruits/seeds were dried in sun-shade & oven and powder was made. The powdered materials were evaluated for their active ingredients using HPTLC technique. The sun dried fruits/seeds were found to have more active ingredient. The dried materials were stored in different containers like Jute, polythehe, tin, plastic, steel and these stored materials were evaluated for their active ingrediants at three months intervals to find out the appropriate storage conditions & suitable containers.
(3) Standardization of non-destructive harvesting practices of Commiphora wightii (Guggal) gum oleogum resin in Madhya Pradesh ID No. 208/TFRI/2014/NWFP-1(NMPB)(38) Project period: 2014 to 2017
For standardization of non-dustructive harvesting practices of Commiphora wightii (Guggal) gum oleogum resin, different girth size plants were selected at Bhind, Morena and Gwalior districts and different type of incisions were made for tapping of oleogum resin.
Non destructive harvesting practices of Acorus calamus (Bach), Andrographis paniculata (Kalmegh), Asparagus recemosus (Satawar), Bauhinia variegata (Kachnar), Buchanania lanzan (Chironjee), Celastrus paniculatus (Malkangni), Cyperus scariosus (Nagarmotha), Desmodium gangeticum (Sal-parni), Dioscorea hispida (Baichandi), Embelia tsjeriam cottam (Baividang), Gymnema sylvestre (Gurmar), Holarrhena antidysenterica (Kutaz), Litsea glutinosa (Maida), Oroxylum indicum (Sheonak), Phyllanthus amarus (Bhui-aonla), Phyllanthus emblica (Aonla), Rauvolfia serpentina (Sarpagandha), Saraca ashoka (Ashok), Terminalia belerica (Baheda), Tinospora cordifolia (Giloe) and Curcuma angustifolia (Tikhur) had been standardized. The techniques of sustainable harvesting have been transferred to various stakeholders such as SFDs, NGOs, farmers, SHGs and tribals through regular training programmes.
Non-destructive harvesting practices of Terminalia arjuna (Arjun) has also been developed. On the basis of findings of the project Govt. of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal has lifted ban on harvesting of Arjuna.
Arjuna: Bark harvesting
Maida: Bark harvesting
· A non-destructive harvesting practice for MFP-Cyperus scariosus R Br. (Nagarmotha) was standardized. For sustainable harvesting of Nagarmotha, on first priority 90% plants and on second priority 80% plants should be harvested uniformly from the whole plot to insure proper regeneration.
Figure 1. Different harvesting Intensity of Nagarmotha plants a: 90% harvesting intensity; b: 80% harvesting intensity; c: 70% harvesting intensity; d: 60% harvesting intensity
Figure 2. Profuse seedlings of Nagarmotha found at experimental site Bhabarganj
Figure 3. Seedlings of Nagarmotha found at experiment site Jabbarra
Established a herbal garden at the Institute housing over 150 species of NWFPs many of which are in rare and threatened categories. The collection provides a live reference of samples for educational and research purposes. The different dignitaries, different stakeholders, farmers, NGOs etc. are regularly visiting the garden.
A drought type drier was developed and fabricated for drying of NWFP species and value addition. The dryer is available for the users.
Drier for NTFPs
A user-friendly database package for storing and retrieval of NWFP species has been developed. Package is successfully tested for about 75 species. The package is successfully providing retrieval based on Local Name, Botanical Name, Trade Name, Family Name, Soil Type, Propagation method and Active ingredient. All the utilities like modification, calculation, internet browsing, scrolling through records and backup are working properly.
Butea monosperma dye was extracted & tested on cotton fabric 30 shades were developed from Butea monosperma dye. In B. monospema and W. fructicosa dye, heavy metals like lead and arsenic were estimated for use in beverages and it was found higher than permissible limits.
The process for extraction of maximum starch from wild varieties like Tikhur rhizome (Curcuma aromatica) and Kumhi seeds (Koria arboria) was standardized. This starch was further used to produce other volue added products like syrup, papad, pickle etc.
Establishment of a bambusetum with 17 species. Provenance trial of Dendrocalamu strictus with 11 provenances has been laid out.
Training programmes on conservation, cultivation, harvesting and value addition of Important NTFP species has been conducted on regular intervals.
Botanical Surveys of National Park of Bandhavgarh, MP and Melghat, Maharashtra and recorded 230 medicinal plants & in-situ conservation of rare and threatened medicinal plant was implemented through the State Forest Departments.
Book entitled Medicinal Plants of Central India having brief description of 280 medicinal plants with colour photographs was published.
14 brochures/bulletins on medicinal and aromatic plants were published.
For further details please contact:
Dr. Avinash Jain, Scientist F
Non Wood Forest Produce Division
Phone: 2744109, 2840751 (O)
E-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org