Institute of Forest Biodiversity Hyderabad
उष्णकटिबंधीय वन अनुसंधान संस्थान
Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur

Forest Ecology and Climate Change

Last Updated on : 30 August 2018

    The mandate of the division is to :

  • Develop packages for eco-restoration of degraded forests and problem sites including mined out overburden dumps, salt affected lands, waterlogged sites along dams and canal command areas, marginal and wastelands.

  • Conduct studies on climate change and carbon sequestration potential of tropical forest tree species in plantations, natural forests and agroforestry systems.

  • Valuate natural forests and plantations for their tangible and intangible benefits.  

  • The Biodiversity and Sustainable Management Division of the Institute came into existence in April, 1992. The major research activities of the division are - The Biodiversity studies in the protected areas, extent of species richness through communities', identification, regeneration status, demarcation of biodiversity rich areas, and study on soil chemical properties and preparation of baseline data for assessing impact of protection on vegetation.

  • During November, 2001, the Forest Botany Division of the Institute was merged in Biodiversity and Sustainable Management Division as per the order of the Hon' Director TFRI. The research activities carried out by this division are - the floristic survey, ethno botanical studies, development of botanical garden, ex-situ conservation of rare and threatened plants. The research activities mentioned above are now conducted by Biodiversity and Sustainable Management Division.

Major research areas of the division are climate change, valuation of plantations and forests for tangible and intangible benefits and eco-restoration of degraded lands.

Thrust Area

Theme

1.       Ecosystem conservation and management

 Climate change Ecology and environment

2.      Forest productivity

Forest soil and land management.

 

 

 

 

Ongoing Projects

Ecology:

S.No.  

Title of the Project

Funding Agency

Year/Likely Year of Completion

Project Leader

1.

 Utilization of Automatic weather station/ Agrometeorological station data for agriculture, forestry and hydrological applications in Madhya Pradesh

Space Application Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad

2014

 Dr. Avinash Jain

2.

Standardization of technique to enhance the quality and sustainable production of Diospyros melanoxylon leaves in Chhattisgarh

CG MFP Federation, Raipur

2014

 Dr. Avinash Jain

3.

 Assessment of green cover and its tangible and intangible benefit and tree cover management plan for STPP Korba

NTPC Korba

2014

Dr. Avinash Jain

4.

  Establishing Arachnarium at TFRI, Jabalpur (M.P)

MPSFD

2015

Dr. Sumit Chakrabarti 

5

 Carbon sequestration through afforestation at Rourkela Steel Plant, Odisha

 

2015 - 2019

 Dr. Avinash Jain

6

 �Assessing the impact of pruning of Diospyros melanoxylon bushes on its yield, quality and natural regeneration of tree species in Maharastra��

 

2016 - 2018

Dr. Avinash Jain

 

Biodiversity

(I.)  ICFRE Funded projects:

S.No. 

Project details

Remarks

1

Project Title :             Documentation and distribution of Forest Invasive Species (FIS) of Jabalpur, Katni, Mandla and Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh.

Project ID :                150/TFRI/2010/Biod � 1 (8)

Funding Agency :      ICFRE

Name of PI :              Shri Sanjay Singh, Scientist � B

Duration :                  June 2010 to  March  2013 (3 Years)

Thrust Area:              Ecology and Conservation (Biodiversity)     

Study is in progress.

2

Project Title :              Monitoring the impact of climate variables on plant

                                    diversity in Bhimashankar permanent preservation plot                                     of Sub tropical hill forest of Maharashtra

Project ID :                ID-170/TFRI/2011/BIOD-1 (11)

Funding Agency :      ICFRE

Name of PI :              Dr. P.K Khatri Scientist � D

Duration :                  1 April 2011 to 30 March 2014 (3 Years)

Thrust Area:              Ecology and Conservation (Biodiversity)     

Study is in progress.

(II). Externally Funded projects:

S.No. 

Project details

Remarks

1

Project Title :             Investigation on floristic diversity in teak plantation of                                     various age groups in Barnawapara Project Division,                                     Raipur, Chhattisgarh.

Project ID :                165/TFRI/JBP/2010/Biod. -2 (CGSFDC) (09)

Name of PI :              Dr. P.K Khatri Scientist � D

Funding Agency :      C.G State Forest Development Corporation Raipur                                       Chhattisgarh

Duration :                  01October 2010 to 30 September  2013 (3 Years)

Thrust Area:              Ecology and Conservation (Biodiversity)                 

Study is in progress.

2

Project Title :             Soil �vegetation atmosphere -Carbon flux monitoring                                     and modeling- sub project of National Carbon project.

Project ID :                166/TFRI/2010/Biod.-2 (MPFD) (10)

Name of PI :              Dr. P.K Khatri Scientist � D

Funding Agency :      IIRS, Dehradun through Madhya Pradesh Forest                                          Department, Bhopal

Duration :                  1 October 2010 to 30 September 2013 (3 Years)

Thrust Area:              Ecology and Conservation (Biodiversity)     

 

Study is in progress.

3

Project Title :             Ecological assessment of diversity of medicinal plants                                     in conservation areas of Chhattisgarh and strategies for                                     their protection.

Project ID :                181/TFRI/2011/Biod. -2 (CGSMPB) (12)

Name of PI :              Dr. P.K Khatri Scientist � D

Funding Agency :      C.G.State Medicinal Plant Board, Raipur, Chhattisgarh

Duration :                  September 2011 to August 2012 (1 Year)

Thrust Area:              Ecology and Conservation (Biodiversity)     

Vegetation Data are being collected and preparation of Herbarium is in progress.

 

Consultancy

1. 

 Preparation of conservation plan and study of the impact on the wild life for Rajgamar underground project, SECL Korba (C.G.)

SECL Korba

2013

   Dr. Avinash Jain

2.

 

Use of ash pond decant water for agriculture purpose 
around NTPC- Ramagundam Super Thermal Power Station.
( Telangana) 
 NTPC- Ramagundam. (Telangana)
 

2016

  Dr. Avinash Jain

3. 

Wildlife conservation plan for Ketki Underground Coal Mine

Ketki Underground Coal Mine

2015

Raja Ram Singh

4. 

Wildlife conservation plan for Amgaon Open Cast Coal Mine

Amgaon Open Cast Coal Mine 

2015

 Raja Ram Singh

5

Wildlife conservation plan for Mahan-II Open Cast Coal Mine

 Mahan-II Open Cast Coal Mine 

2015

 Raja Ram Singh

6

Wildlife conservation plan for Jhagrakhand Coal Mine

 Jhagrakhand Coal Mine

2015

 Raja Ram Singh

7

Wildlife conservation plan for Kharsia-Dharmjaigarh East Railway Cooridore CERL

Kharsia-Dharmjaigarh  CERL  

2015

 Raja Ram Singh

8

Wildlife conservation plan for Gevra Road �Pendra
 Road East-west Railway Cooridore CEwRL

Gevra Road �Pendra Road East-West Railway Cooridore CEwRL CERL

2015

M. Rajkumar

9

Wildlife Conservation plan for Saraipali Coal Mine

 Saraipali Coal Mine

2015

   Dr. Avinash Jain

10

 Wildlife Conservation plan for Rajgamar Coal Mine

 Rajgamar Coal Mine

2015

  Dr. Avinash Jain

 

Major Achievements

Ecology

  1. Eco-restoration in mined areas : Technological packages (engineering and biological) for reclamation of mined areas (coal, iron & copper) through systematic research have been developed and perfected.

  2. Extent of application in the field :The technological packages developed are being utilized by South-Eastern Coalfields Ltd. (SECL), Northern Coalfields Ltd. (NCL), Steel Authority of India Ltd. (SAIL), Limestone mine Authority etc.   

  3. Application of Technology: A specialized training for one month was conducted for SAIL executives (40 persons) on eco-restoration of mined areas. Eco-restoration work has been taken up at Dalli-Rajhara and Mahamaya iron mined areas under Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP). 

  4.  Pollution absorbing efficiency of plants: Trees have been graded and indexed according to their sensitivity/tolerance on the basis of percent leaf area damage, reduction of chlorophyll, N and P contents, reduction of sugar and ascorbic acid etc. More than 50 tree species have been graded according to their tolerance to thermal power plant and lime kiln emissions.

  • Soil: Compost  combination  for  pit  filling  was  worked out  and  nutrient  uptake  by  test  species  was  determined  for  various  treatments  applied.

  • Different  sources  of  nitrogen  were  tried  &  the  best  one  selected.

  •   Effectiveness  of  mulches  was  tried  with  Albizia procera  as  test  species.    

  1. Integrated development of Neem: In  various agro-ecological  regions  of  M. P., Chhatisgarh & Orissa seed  production  areas  have  been  identified. About 20 superior  trees have been selected from each provenance in various agro-climatic zones.  Experiments on fertilizers trial, seed morphological properties, estimation of oil and azadirachtin contents  were conducted. Vegetative propagation method for neem has been standardized

Biodiversity

A : Biodiversity Assessment

Project Title : "Identification of species and ethno-botanical survey (Biodiversity assessment of People�s Protected Areas (PPA�s) of Chhattisgarh)"

Achievements:  Field survey was conducted in 9 People�s Protected Areas maintained by Chhattisgarh Minor Forest Produce Federation, located in 5 divisions to document the floral diversity. Phyto-sociological (qualitative & quantitative values for structure & composition) studies have been undertaken in 0.1 ha. at each sites in all the nine PPAs. Data were recorded from 50 sample plots of each PPAs. The vegetation data are quantitatively analyzed for density, frequency and basal areas. The relative values of frequency, density and dominance are determined. These quantities have been summed up for getting Importance Value Index (IVI) of individual species. On the basis of IVI, dominant, co-dominant and main associates are recognized at different sites. 362 species (trees, shrubs, herbs, grasses and climbers) form PPAs have been recorded and identified.  The threatened and present regeneration status of the species of the study area has been enlisted for their proper conservation.  Ethno-botanical data has also been collected from these PPAs. More than 201 medicinal plants and their uses were recorded from these PPAs. Plants of these PPAs are documented with their local name, scientific name, family, habit, and their medicinal uses. Recommendations for better maintenance of PPAs have been suggested.

 View of PPA Dugli-JAbarra.jpg         Regeration of Sal at Gudiya PPA.jpg

Fig. 1 : Dugli-Jabarra PPA                         Fig.2 : Regeneration in sal forest at Gudiya PPA

B : Documentation of traditional knowledge of medicinal plants

            Collection of ethnobotanical data from various tribes of central India, ethno medicinal information (traditional knowledge) from traditional herbal healers (Vaidyas, Ojhas, Guniyas) in selected areas of Madhya Pradesh and utilization pattern of plants in ethno-medicinal uses prevalent in tribal pockets of Satpura plateau of M.P. have been documented. More than 600 plants of forest origin have been documented being used by the Traditional Herbal Healers and tribal people for food, fiber, gum, resin, medicine and shelter purposes etc.

Vaidya Sabbu Singh, Rithi, Katni.jpg

Fig.3 : Documentation of Traditional Knowledge

                                                 

 Fig. 4 : Herbal healer showing treatment result.                                Fig.5 :  Hathphan - a medicinal plant

 

Significant achievements

Ecology

  1. Developed regression allometric equations against GBH, height and age to quantify above ground biomass, thus carbon, by non destructive method in more than 20 tropical forest tree species including Tectona grandis, Shorea robusta and Eucalypts.

  2. Assessed carbon stock and annual sequestration in natural forests, plantations and agroforestry systems.

  3. Economic valuation of plantations for their tangible and intangible benefits was done following Contingent Valuation Method.

  4. Eucalyptus hybrid (FRI-4 and FRI-5 clones), followed by Pongamia pinnata and Terminalia arjuna showed the best performance in the management of underground water table along left bank canal of Bargi command area. 

  5. Eucalyptus hybrid consumed maximum water on per day basis under lysimetric experiments. 

  6. The status of natural regeneration in the forests of Western Ghats of Maharashtra was found to be 'Good', because density of seedlings > density of saplings > density of trees.

  7. Developed packages for reclamation of mined overburden dumps of coal, iron, copper, manganese and limestone, which included selection of suitable species and amendments provided to spoil. 

  8. Screened superior trees of Azadirachta indica on the basis of azadirachtin content in M.P., Chhattisgarh and Orissa.  Azadirachtin content varied from 848 ppm (Sambalpur) to 5263 ppm (Shahdol).

Biodiversity: (Please click to view details)

  • 362 species (trees, shrubs, herbs, grasses and climbers) form PPAs have been recorded and identified.  The threatened and present regeneration status of the species of the study area has been enlisted for their proper conservation.  Ethno-botanical data has also been collected from these PPAs. More than 201 medicinal plants and their uses were recorded from these PPAs. Plants of these PPAs are documented with their local name, scientific name, family, habit, and their medicinal uses.

  • More than 600 plants of forest origin have been documented being used by the Traditional Herbal Healers and tribal people for food, fiber, gum, resin, medicine and shelter purposes etc.

 

For further details, please contact

Dr. Sumit Chakrabarti, Scientist G

 Head

Phone: +91-761-2840006 (O)

E-mail: chakrabartis@icfre.orgtisum2001@gmail.com

Designed & Developed By : IT Division, ICFRE HQ